League Of Legends - Background


Good day, we are S2-03 IRS group team Ecstasy. We are researching about how myopia affects teenagers of the 21st century and possible solutions to help them. In our team, we have Roid Shafiq (The Project Manager),Tony Zhang (The Research Specialist),Daryl Puan (The Communications Manager) and Danial Haziq (The Multimedia Manager)

Literature review

The Submissions of the popplets:

Myopia is on the rise on a global scale according to Peter Lavelle(2005). 1.6 billion people worldwide, about 25 per cent of the population, is shortsighted and this is predicted to rise to over a third of the population by 2020.

Myopia presents with blurry distance vision, but generally gives good near vision. In high myopia, even near vision is affected as objects must be extremely close to the eyes to see clearly

Myopia is constantly on the rise, the most affected types of people are primary students, secondary students, and even college students. It was said that fully developed infants gets Myopia at the age of 32 or 34. However, electronics such as laptops or phones would enable the person to get myopia at an earlier age.

Myopia is on the rise due to the increased use of technology in the 21st century. It has affected the younger generation by limiting their vision due to the need of wearing glasses.

Our Literature Review:
Myopia (Short-sightedness or Near-sightedness) is a condition in which a person is able to see near objects well (when reading a book or working on the computer) but has difficulty seeing objects that are far away (road signs or bus numbers) (SNEC, 2013). In Asian cities like Tokyo, Singapore and Hong Kong, between 30 and 50 per cent of 12-year-old children have some degree of shortsightedness (Lavelle, 2005).

While the exact cause of nearsightedness is unknown, but two factors may be primarily responsible for its development, that is, heredity and visual stress (AOA, 2014). Lim et al., studying diets and nutrition as environmental determinants of myopia found that higher saturated fat and cholesterol were correlated with longer axial lengths (AAO, 2013). There are several studies that have reported urbanization as a potential determinant of physiologic myopia (AAO, 2013). These studies which have shown an association between increased myopia in urban areas as compared to rural areas are confounded by variables such as level of education, IQ, socioeconomic status, near related activities and outdoor exposure. 
Myopia is not a trivial problem as those with high degrees of myopia have higher risk of developing serious eye conditions like retinal detachment, macular hole and macular degeneration (Fong & Goo, 2011). Myopic patients are at higher risk of getting glaucoma and cataracts at a younger age. This can all lead to a lower quality of life. 

As such, our research is useful to gain further insights on the causes and factors of myopia among teenagers and the ways to curb the escalating problem.'

Our References and Sources
American Academy of Ophthalmology. 2013. Myopia. Retrieved from: http://eyewiki.aao.org/Myopia

American Optometric Association. 2014. Myopia (Nearsightedness). Retrieved from: http://www.aoa.org/patients-and-public/eye-and-vision-problems/glossary-of-eye-and-vision-conditions/myopia

Fong, C. S., & Goo, C. H. 2014. A short sighted problem. Retrieved from: http://www.thestar.com.my/Lifestyle/Health/2011/12/25/A-shortsighted-problem.aspx/

Lavelle, P. 2005. Myopia on the rise. Retrieved from: http://www.abc.net.au/health/thepulse/stories/2005/11/10/1502702.htm

Liaw, W. C. 2008. Singapore most prolific in world for eye research per capita. Retrieved from: http://www.snec.com.sg/about/newsroom/news-articles/Pages/ST_PgD10_20Dec2008.aspx

Singapore National Eye Center. 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.snec.com.sg/eye-conditions-and-treatments/common-eye-conditions-and-procedures/Pages/myopia.aspx

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